The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition reported earlier this month that high consumption of carbohydrates, high-glycemic-index eating, and high-glycemic-load eating increases the risk of developing diabetes. High fiber consumption, on the other hand, seems to protect against diabetes.
The article abstract doesn’t mention type 1 versus type 2 diabetes, but it’s probably type 2, the most common kind.
The observational reseach was done in the Netherlands, but I bet the findings apply to other populations as well. Australian researchers had established years ago that high-glycemic-index and high-glycemic-load eating is associated with onset of diabetes, at least in women.
Is high carbohydrate consumption putting too much strain on the pancreas, which produces the insulin needed to process the carbs?
Reference: Sluijs I, van der Schouw YT, van der A DL, Spijkerman AM, Hu FB, Grobbee DE, & Beulens JW (2010). Carbohydrate quantity and quality and risk of type 2 diabetes in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands (EPIC-NL) study. The American journal of clinical nutrition PMID: 20685945