Researchers at the University of Navarra in Spain followed 10,000 university graduates over the course of four years, monitoring the onset of depression. Food consumption was gauged via a food frequency questionnaire.
Compared to the study participants with very low adherence to the Mediterranean diet, those with high adherence were 30% less likely to develop depression. As adherence to various components of the Mediterranean diet increased, the rate of depression dropped in stepwise fashion.
The researchers suspect that it’s the overall dietary pattern, as opposed to any one single component of the Mediterranean diet, that reduces the risk of depression.
Visit the Advanced Mediterranean Diet website to learn how eat Mediterrranean-style and decrease your risk of developing depression.
Sanchez-Villegas, A., et al. Association of the Mediterranean dietary pattern with the incidence of depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66 (2009): 1,090-1,098.
Kelland, Kate. Study shows Mediterranean diet cuts depression risk. Reuters online, October 5, 2009.